ILLINOIS CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT

               Preamble

               Our legal system is based on the principle that an
               independent, fair and competent judiciary will interpret and
               apply the laws that govern us. The role of the judiciary is
               central to American concepts of justice and the rule of law.
               Intrinsic to all provisions of this code are precepts that judges,
               individually and collectively, must respect and honor the
               judicial office as a public trust and strive to enhance and
               maintain confidence in our legal system. The judge is an
               arbiter of facts and law for the resolution of disputes and a
               highly visible symbol of government under the rule of law.

               The Code of Judicial Conduct is intended to establish
               standards for ethical conduct of judges. It consists of broad
               statements called canons, specific rules set forth in lettered
               subsections under each canon, and Committee Commentary.
               The text of the canons and the rules is authoritative. The
               Committee Commentary, by explanation, and example,
               provides guidance with respect to the purpose and meaning
               of the canons and rules. The Commentary is not intended as a
               statement of additional rules.

               The canons and rules are rules of reason. They should be
               applied consistent with constitutional requirements, statutes,
               other court rules and decisional law and in the context of all
               relevant circumstances. The Code is to be construed so as
               not to impinge on the essential independence of judges in
               making judicial decisions.

               The Code is designed to provide guidance to judges and
               candidates for judicial office and to provide a structure for
               regulating conduct through disciplinary agencies. It is not
               designed or intended as a basis for civil liability or criminal
               prosecution. Furthermore, the purpose of the Code would be
               subverted if the Code were invoked by lawyers for mere
               tactical advantage in a proceeding.

               The canons are not standards of discipline in themselves, but
               express the policy consideration underlying the rules
               contained within the canons. The text of the rules is intended
               to govern conduct of judges and to be binding upon them. It is
               not intended, however, that every transgression will result in
               disciplinary action. Whether disciplinary action is appropriate,
               and the degree of discipline to be imposed, should be
               determined through a reasonable and reasoned application
               of the text of the rules and should depend on such factors as
               the seriousness of the transgression, whether there is a
               pattern of improper activity and the effect of the improper
               activity on others or on the judicial system.

               The Code of Judicial Conduct is not intended as an
               exhaustive guide for the conduct of judges. They should also
               be governed in their judicial and personal conduct by general
               ethical standards. The Code is intended, however, to state
               basic standards which should govern the conduct of all judges
               and to provide guidance to assist judges in establishing and
               maintaining high standards of judicial and personal conduct.
               Adopted eff. Aug. 6, 1993.

               Terminology

               "Candidate." A candidate is a person seeking public election
               for or public retention in judicial office. A person becomes a
               candidate for judicial office as soon as he or she makes a
               public announcement of candidacy, declares or files as a
               candidate with the election authority, or authorizes solicitation
               or acceptance of contributions or support.

               "Court personnel" does not include the lawyers in a
               proceeding before a judge.

               "De minimis" denotes an insignificant interest that could not
               raise reasonable question as to a judge's impartiality.

               "Economic interest" denotes ownership of a more than de
               minimis legal or equitable interest, or a relationship as officer,
               director, advisor or other active participant in the affairs of a
               party, except that:
 

                   (i) ownership of an interest in a mutual or common
                   investment fund that holds securities is not an
                   economic interest in such securities unless the judge
                   participates in the management of the fund or a
                   proceeding pending or impending before the judge
                   could substantially affect the value of the interest;

                   (ii) service by a judge as an officer, director, advisor or
                   other active participant in an educational, religious,
                   charitable, fraternal or civic organization, or service by
                   a judge's spouse, parent or child as an officer, director,
                   advisor or other active participant in any organization
                   does not create an economic interest in securities held
                   by that organization;

                   (iii) a deposit in a financial institution, the proprietary
                   interest of a policyholder in a mutual insurance
                   company, of a depositor in a mutual savings
                   association or of a member in a credit union, or a
                   similar proprietary interest, is not an economic interest
                   in the organization unless a proceeding pending or
                   impending before the judge could substantially affect
                   the value of the interest;

                   (iv) ownership of government securities is not an
                   economic interest in the issuer unless a proceeding
                   pending or impending before the judge could
                   substantially affect the value of the securities.
 

               "Fiduciary" includes such relationships as executor,
               administrator, trustee, and guardian.

               "He." Whenever this pronoun is used it includes the feminine
               as well as the masculine form.

               "Judge" includes circuit and associate judges and judges of
               the appellate and supreme court.

               "Knowingly," "knowledge," "known" or "knows" denotes actual
               knowledge of the fact in question. A person's knowledge may
               be inferred from circumstances.

               "Law" denotes court rules as well as statutes, constitutional
               provisions and decisional law.

               "Member of a candidate's/judge's family" denotes a spouse,
               child, grandchild, parent, grandparent or other relative or
               person with whom the candidate maintains a close familial
               relationship.

               "Member of the judge's family residing in the judge's
               household" denotes any relative of a judge by blood or
               marriage, or a person treated by a judge as a member of the
               judge's family, who resides in the judge's household.

               "Political organization" denotes a political party or other
               group, the principal purpose of which is to further the election
               or appointment of candidates to political office.

               "Public election." This term includes primary and general
               elections; it includes partisan elections, non-partisan elections
               and retention elections.

               "Require." The rules prescribing that a judge "require" certain
               conduct of others are, like all of the rules in this Code, rules of
               reason. The use of the term "require" in that context means a
               judge is to exercise reasonable direction and control over the
               conduct of those persons subject to the judge's direction and
               control.

               "Third degree of relationship." The following persons are
               relatives within the third degree or relationship:
               great-grandparent, grandparent, parent, uncle, aunt, brother,
               sister, child, grandchild, great-grandchild, nephew or niece.
               Adopted eff. Aug. 6, 1993.

               RULE 61 - CANON 1

                      A Judge Should Uphold the Integrity
                       and Independence of the Judiciary

               An independent and honorable judiciary is indispensable to
               justice in our society. A judge should participate in
               establishing, maintaining, and enforcing, and should
               personally observe, high standards of conduct so that the
               integrity and independence of the judiciary may be preserved.
               The provisions of this Code should be construed and applied
               to further that objective.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987. Amended eff. Aug.
               6, 1993; Oct. 15, 1993.

               RULE 62 - CANON 2

                     A Judge Should Avoid Impropriety and
                 the Appearance of Impropriety in All of the Judge's
                                Activities

               A. A judge should respect and comply with the law and should
               conduct himself or herself at all times in a manner that
               promotes public confidence in the integrity and impartiality of
               the judiciary.

               B. A judge should not allow the judge's family, social or other
               relationships to influence the judge's judicial conduct or
               judgment. A judge should not lend the prestige of judicial
               office to advance the private interests of others; nor should a
               judge convey or permit others to convey the impression that
               they are in a special position to influence the judge. A judge
               should not testify voluntarily as a character witness.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987. Amended eff. Oct.
               15, 1993.

               RULE 63 - CANON 3

                A Judge Should Perform the Duties of Judicial Office
                          Impartially and Diligently

               The judicial duties of a judge take precedence over all the
               judge's other activities. The judge's judicial duties include all
               the duties of the judge's office prescribed by law. In the
               performance of these duties, the following standards apply:

               A. Adjudicative Responsibilities.

               (1) A judge should be faithful to the law and maintain
               professional competence in it. A judge should be unswayed
               by partisan interests, public clamor, or fear of criticism.

               (2) A judge should maintain order and decorum in
               proceedings before the judge.

               (3) A judge should be patient, dignified, and courteous to
               litigants, jurors, witnesses, lawyers, and others with whom the
               judge deals in an official capacity, and should require similar
               conduct of lawyers, and of staff, court officials, and others
               subject to the judge's direction and control.

               (4) A judge shall accord to every person who has a legal
               interest in a proceeding, or that person's lawyer, the right to
               be heard according to law. A judge shall not initiate, permit, or
               consider ex parte communications, or consider other
               communications made to the judge outside the presence of
               the parties concerning a pending or impending proceeding
               except that:
 

                  (a) Where circumstances require, ex parte
                  communications for scheduling, administrative
                  purposes or emergencies that do not deal with
                  substantive matters or issues on the merits are
                  authorized; provided:
 

                      (i) the judge reasonably believes that no party will
                      gain a procedural or tactical advantage as a result
                      of the ex parte communication, and

                      (ii) the judge makes provision promptly to notify all
                      other parties of the substance of the ex parte
                      communication and allows an opportunity to
                      respond.
 

                  (b) A judge may consult with court personnel whose
                  function is to aid the judge in carrying out the judge's
                  adjudicative responsibilities or with other judges.

                  (c) A judge may, with the consent of the parties, confer
                  separately with the parties and their lawyers in an effort
                  to mediate or settle matters pending before the judge.

                  (d) A judge may initiate or consider any ex parte
                  communications when expressly authorized by law to do
                  so.
 

               (5) A judge shall devote full time to his or her judicial duties;
               and should dispose promptly of the business of the court.

               (6) A judge should abstain from public comment about a
               pending, or impending proceeding in any court, and should
               require similar abstention on the part of court personnel
               subject to the judge's direction and control. This paragraph
               does not prohibit judges from making public statements in the
               course of their official duties or from explaining for public
               information the procedures of the court.

               (7) Proceedings in court should be conducted with fitting
               dignity, decorum, and without distraction. The taking of
               photographs in the courtroom during sessions of the court, or
               recesses between proceedings, and the broadcasting or
               televising of court proceedings is permitted only to the extent
               authorized by order of the Supreme Court.

               (8) A judge shall perform judicial duties without bias or
               prejudice. A judge shall not, in the performance of judicial
               duties, by words or conduct manifest bias or prejudice,
               including but not limited to bias or prejudice based upon race,
               sex, religion, or national origin, and shall not permit staff, court
               officials and others subject to the judge's direction and control
               to do so.

               (9) Proceedings before a judge shall be conducted without
               any manifestation, by words or conduct, of prejudice based
               upon race, sex, religion, or national origin, by parties, jurors,
               witnesses, counsel, or others. This section does not preclude
               legitimate advocacy when these or similar factors are issues
               in the proceedings.

               B. Administrative Responsibilities.

               (1) A judge should diligently discharge the judge's
               administrative responsibilities, maintain professional
               competence in judicial administration, and facilitate the
               performance of the administrative responsibilities of other
               judges and court officials.

               (2) A judge should require staff, court officials and others
               subject to the judge's direction and control to observe the
               standards of fidelity and diligence that apply to the judge.

               (3) A judge having knowledge of a violation of these canons
               on the part of a judge or a violation of Rule 8.4 of the Rules of
               Professional Conduct on the part of a lawyer shall take or
               initiate appropriate disciplinary measures.

               (4) A judge should not make unnecessary appointments. A
               judge should exercise the power of appointment on the basis
               of merit, avoiding nepotism and favoritism. A judge should not
               approve compensation of appointees beyond the fair value of
               services rendered.

               (5) A judge should refrain from casting a vote for the
               appointment or reappointment to the office of associate
               judge, of the judge's spouse or of any person known by the
               judge to be within the third degree of relationship to the judge
               or the judge's spouse (or the spouse of such a person.)

               C. Disqualification.

               (1) A judge shall disqualify himself or herself in a proceeding
               in which the judge's impartiality might reasonably be
               questioned, including but not limited to instances where:
 

                  (a) the judge has a personal bias or prejudice
                  concerning a party or a party's lawyer, or personal
                  knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the
                  proceeding;

                  (b) the judge served as a lawyer in the matter in
                  controversy, or a lawyer with whom the judge previously
                  practiced law served during such association as a
                  lawyer concerning the matter, or the judge has been a
                  material witness concerning it;

                  (c) the judge was, within the preceding three years,
                  associated in the private practice of law with any law
                 firm or lawyer currently representing any party in the
                  controversy (provided that referral of cases when no
                  monetary interest was retained shall not be deemed an
                  association within the meaning of this subparagraph) or,
                  for a period of seven years following the last date on
                  which the judge represented any party to the controversy
                  while the judge was an attorney engaged in the private
                  practice of law;

                  (d) the judge knows that he or she, individually or as a
                  fiduciary, or the judge's spouse, parent or child
                  wherever residing, or any other member of the judge's
                  family residing in the judge's household, has an
                  economic interest in the subject matter in controversy or
                  in a party to the proceeding, or has any other more than
                  de minimis interest that could be substantially affected
                  by the proceeding; or

                  (e) the judge or the judge's spouse, or a person within
                  the third degree of relationship to either of them, or the
                  spouse of such a person;
 

                      (i) is a party to the proceeding, or an officer,
                      director, or trustee of a party;

                      (ii) is acting as a lawyer in the proceeding;

                      (iii) is known by the judge to have a more than de
                      minimis interest that could be substantially
                      affected by the proceeding; or

                      (iv) is to the judge's knowledge likely to be a
                      material witness in the proceeding.
 
 

               (2) A judge shall keep informed about the judge's personal
               and fiduciary economic interests, and make a reasonable
               effort to keep informed about the personal economic interests
               of the judge's spouse and minor children residing in the
               judge's household.

               D. Remittal of Disqualification.

               A judge disqualified by the terms of Section 3C may disclose
               on the record the basis of the judge's disqualification and may
               ask the parties and their lawyers to consider, out of the
               presence of the judge, whether to waive disqualification. If
               following disclosure of any basis for disqualification other than
               personal bias or prejudice concerning a party, the parties and
               lawyers, without participation by the judge, all agree that the
               judge should not be disqualified, and the judge is then willing
               to participate, the judge may participate in the proceeding.
               This agreement shall be incorporated in the record of the
               proceeding.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987. Amended June 12,
               1987, eff. Aug. 1, 1987; amended eff. Nov. 25, 1987; Aug. 6,
               1993; Oct. 15, 1993.

               RULE 64 - CANON 4

               A Judge May Engage in Activities to Improve the Law,
                the Legal System and the Administration of Justice

               A judge, subject to the proper performance of his or her
               judicial duties, may engage in the following law-related
               activities, if in doing so the judge does not cast doubt on his
               or her capacity to decide impartially any issue that may come
               before him or her.

               A. A judge may speak, write, lecture, teach, and participate in
               other activities concerning the law, the legal system, and the
               administration of justice. However, a judge may not regularly
               engage in instructing or teaching a course of instruction on a
               business day unless:
 

                  (1) the teaching or instructing will occur no earlier than
                  5:30 p.m.; and

                  (2) he or she has filed with the Director of the
                  Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts a certificate
                  from the supervising judge which certifies that the
                  contemplated teaching or instructing will not interfere
                  with the proper performance of his or her judicial duties.
                  Such certificate shall indicate the course of instruction to
                  be taught or expected to be taught and the number of
                  semester or quarter hours of the course, shall be
                  effective until the conclusion of the course, and shall be
                  in the following form:
 
 
 

                   CERTIFICATION FOR TEACHING ACTIVITIES
                      Pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 64, Judge
               _________________________ has made known to me that
               he/she intends to teach or instruct a course in
               ____________________________ during the
               __________________ of 199__, and that the course is
               __________ [ ] semester [ ] quarter hours. As his/her
               supervising judge, I hereby certify that the teaching or
               instructing as described to me will not interfere with the proper
               performance of the judge's judicial duties.

                      This certification expires at the completion of the above
               mentioned course.

               ______________________________
                      Supervising Judge
 
 

               For purposes of this subsection A, "course of instruction" is a
               series of lessons or classes which are coordinated, arranged
               or presented to provide coverage of any subject; "business
               day" is any calendar day, except a Saturday or Sunday; and
               "supervising judge" is the chief circuit judge where the judge
               obtaining the certification is a circuit judge or an associate
               judge, the presiding judge where the judge obtaining the
               certification is an appellate court judge, and the chief justice
               of the Supreme Court where the judge obtaining the
               certification is a presiding judge or chief circuit judge or judge
               of the Supreme Court.

               B. A judge may appear at a public hearing before an
               executive or legislative body or official on matters concerning
               the law, the legal system, and the administration of justice,
               and he or she may otherwise consult with an executive or
               legislative body or official, but only on matters concerning the
               administration of justice.

               C. A judge may serve as a member, officer, or director of an
               organization or governmental agency devoted to the
               improvement of the law, the legal system, or the
               administration of justice. He or she may assist such an
               organization in raising funds and may participate in their
               management and investment, but should not personally
               participate in public fundraising activities. He or she may
               make recommendations to public and private fund-granting
               agencies on projects and programs concerning the law, the
               legal system, and the administration of justice.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987; Amended June 4,
               1991, eff. Aug. 1, 1991.

               RULE 65 - CANON 5

                 A Judge Should Regulate His or Her Extrajudicial
                    Activities to Minimize the Risk of Conflict
                        With the Judge's Judicial Duties

               A. Avocational Activities.

               A judge may write, lecture, teach, and speak on nonlegal
               subjects, and engage in the arts, sports, and other social and
               recreational activities, if such avocational activities do not
               detract from the dignity of the judge's office or interfere with
               the performance of the judge's judicial duties.

               B. Civic and Charitable Activities.

               A judge may participate in civic and charitable activities that
               do not reflect adversely upon the judge's impartiality or
               interfere with the performance of the judge's judicial duties. A
               judge may serve as an officer, director, trustee, or nonlegal
               advisor of an educational, religious, charitable, fraternal, or
               civic organization not conducted for the economic or political
               advantage of its members, subject to the following limitations:
 

                  (1) A judge should not serve if it is likely that the
                  organization will be engaged in proceedings that would
                  ordinarily come before the judge or will be regularly
                  engaged in adversary proceedings in any court.

                  (2) A judge should not solicit or permit his or her name
                  to be used in any manner to solicit funds or other
                  assistance for any such organization. A judge should not
                  allow his or her name to appear on the letterhead of any
                  such organization where the stationery is used to solicit
                  funds and should not permit the judge's staff, court
                  officials or others subject to the judge's direction or
                  control to solicit on the judge's behalf for any purpose,
                  charitable or otherwise. A judge should not be a
                  speaker or the guest of honor at an organization's
                  fund-raising events, but he or she may attend such
                  events.
 

               C. Financial Activities.

               (1) A judge should refrain from financial and business
               dealings that tend to reflect adversely on the judge's
               impartiality, interfere with the proper performance of the
               judge's judicial duties, exploit the judge's judicial position, or
               involve the judge in frequent transactions with lawyers or
               persons likely to come before the court on which the judge
               serves.

               (2) Subject to the requirements of subsection (1), a judge may
               hold and manage investments, including real estate, and
               engage in the activities usually incident to the ownership of
               such investments, but a judge should not assume an active
               role in the management or serve as an officer, director, or
               employee of any business.

               (3) A judge should manage his or her investments and other
               financial interests to minimize the number of cases in which
               the judge is disqualified. As soon as the judge can do so
               without serious financial detriment, the judge should divest
               himself or herself of investments and other financial interests
               that might require frequent disqualification.

               (4) Neither a judge nor a member of the judge's family
               residing in the judge's household should accept a gift,
               bequest, favor, or loan from anyone except as follows:
 

                  (a) a judge may accept a gift incident to a public
                  testimonial to the judge; books supplied by publishers
                  on a complimentary basis for official use; or an invitation
                  to the judge and the judge's spouse to attend a
                  bar-related function or activity devoted to the
                  improvement of the law, the legal system, or the
                  administration of justice;

                  (b) a judge or a member of the judge's family residing in
                  the judge's household may accept ordinary social
                  hospitality; a gift, bequest, favor, or loan from a relative;
                  a wedding or engagement gift; a loan from a lending
                  institution in its regular course of business on the same
                  terms generally available to persons who are not
                  judges; or a scholarship or fellowship awarded on the
                  same terms applied to other applicants;

                  (c) a judge or a member of the judge's family residing in
                  the judge's household may accept any other gift,
                  bequest, favor, or loan only if the donor is not a party or
                  other person whose interests have come or are likely to
                  come before the judge, including lawyers who practice
                  or have practiced before the judge.
 

               (5) Information acquired by a judge in the judge's judicial
               capacity should not be used or disclosed by the judge in
               financial dealings or for any other purpose not related to the
               judge's judicial duties.

               D. Fiduciary Activities.

               A judge should not serve as the executor, administrator,
               trustee, guardian, or other fiduciary, except for the estate,
               trust, or person of a member of the judge's family, and then
               only if such service will not interfere with the proper
               performance of the judge's judicial duties. As a family
               fiduciary a judge is subject to the following restrictions.
 

                  (1) The judge should not serve if it is likely that as a
                  fiduciary the judge will be engaged in proceedings that
                  would ordinarily come before the judge, or if the estate,
                  trust, or ward becomes involved in adversary
                  proceedings in the court on which the judge serves or
                  one under its appellate jurisdiction.

                  (2) While acting as a fiduciary a judge is subject to the
                  same restrictions on financial activities that apply to the
                  judge in his or her personal capacity.
 

               E. Arbitration.

               A judge should not act as an arbitrator or mediator.

               F. Practice of Law.

               A judge should not practice law.

               G. Extrajudicial Appointments.

               A judge should not accept appointment to a governmental
               committee, commission or other position that is concerned
               with issues of fact or policy on matters other than the
               improvement of the law, the legal system, or the
               administration of justice. A judge, however, may represent his
               or her country, State, or locality on ceremonial occasions or in
               connection with historical, educational and cultural activities.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987. Amended eff. Oct.
               15, 1993.

               RULE 66 - CANON 6
 

                Nonjudicial Compensation and Annual Statement of
                            Economic Interests

               A judge may not receive compensation for the law-related and
               extrajudicial activities permitted by this Code; however, he or
               she may receive an honorarium and reimbursement of
               expenses if the source of such payments does not give the
               appearance of influencing the judge in his or her judicial
               duties or otherwise give the appearance of impropriety. For
               purposes of this canon, "compensation" is a sum of money or
               other thing of value paid by a person or entity to a judge for
               services provided or performed. Compensation shall not be
               construed to include investment or interest income or other
               income that is unrelated to the work or services provided or
               performed by the judge; nor shall compensation be construed
               to include a sum of money or other thing of value paid for
               writings.

               A. Honorarium.

               An honorarium should not exceed a reasonable amount nor
               should it exceed what a person who is not a judge would
               receive for the same activity. The total honoraria received by
               a judge within a six-month period shall not exceed $5,000.

               B. Expense Reimbursement.

               Expense reimbursement shall be limited to the actual cost of
               travel, food and lodging reasonably incurred by the judge and,
               where appropriate to the occasion, by the judge's spouse.

               C. Annual Declarations of Economic Interests.

               A judge shall file a statement of economic interests as
               required by Rule 68, as amended effective August 1, 1986,
               and thereafter.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987. Amended June 4,
               1991, eff. Aug. 1, 1991; April 1, 1992, eff. Aug. 1, 1992:
               amended eff. Oct. 15, 1993; Dec. 13, 1996.

               RULE 67 - CANON 7

                   A Judge or Judicial Candidate Shall Refrain
                      from Inappropriate Political Activity

               A. All Judges and Candidates.

               (1) Except as authorized in subsections B (1)(b) and B (3), a
               judge or a candidate for election to judicial office shall not:
 

                  (a) act as a leader or hold an office in a political
                  organization;

                  (b) publicly endorse or publicly oppose another
                  candidate for public office;

                  (c) make speeches on behalf of a political organization;

                  (d) solicit funds for, or pay an assessment to a political
                  organization or candidate.
 

               (2) A judge shall resign from judicial office upon becoming a
               candidate for a nonjudicial office either in a primary or in a
               general election.

               (3) A candidate for a judicial office:
 

                  (a) shall maintain the dignity appropriate to judicial
                  office and act in a manner consistent with the integrity
                  and independence of the judiciary, and shall encourage
                  members of the candidate's family to adhere to the
                  same standards of political conduct in support of the
                  candidate as apply to the candidate;

                  (b) shall prohibit employees and officials who serve at
                  the pleasure of the candidate, and shall discourage
                  other employees and officials subject to the candidate's
                  direction and control from doing on the candidate's
                  behalf what the candidate is prohibited from doing
                  under the provisions of this Canon;

                  (c) except to the extent permitted by subsection B (2),
                  shall not authorize or knowingly permit any other person
                  to do for the candidate what the candidate is prohibited
                  from doing under the provisions of this Canon;

                  (d) shall not:
 

                      (i) make statements that commit or appear to
                      commit the candidate with respect to cases,
                      controversies or issues within cases that are likely
                      to come before the court; or

                      (ii) knowingly misrepresent the identity,
                      qualifications, present position or other fact
                      concerning the candidate or an opponent; and
 

                  (e) may respond to personal attacks or attacks on the
                  candidate's record as long as the response does not
                  violate subsection A (3)(d).
 

               B. Authorized Activities for Judges and Candidates.

               (1) A judge or candidate may, except as prohibited by law:
 

                  (a) at any time
 

                      (i) purchase tickets for and attend political
                      gatherings;

                      (ii) identify himself or herself as a member of a
                      political party; and

                      (iii) contribute to a political organization.
 

                  (b) when a candidate for public election
 

                      (i) speak to gatherings on his or her own behalf;

                      (ii) appear in newspaper, television and other
                      media advertisements supporting his or her
                      candidacy;

                      (iii) distribute pamphlets and other promotional
                      literature supporting his or her candidacy; and

                      (iv) publicly endorse or publicly oppose other
                      candidates in a public election in which the judge
                      or judicial candidate is running.
 
 

               (2) A candidate shall not personally solicit or accept
               campaign contributions. A candidate may establish
               committees of responsible persons to conduct campaigns for
               the candidate through media advertisements, brochures,
               mailings, candidate forums and other means not prohibited by
               law. Such committees may solicit and accept reasonable
               campaign contributions, manage the expenditure of funds for
               the candidate's campaign and obtain public statements of
               support for his or her candidacy. Such committees are not
               prohibited from soliciting and accepting reasonable
               campaign contributions and public support from lawyers. A
               candidate's committees may solicit contributions and public
               support for the candidate's campaign no earlier than one year
               before an election and no later than 90 days after the last
               election in which the candidate participates during the
               election year. A candidate shall not use or permit the use of
               campaign contributions for the private benefit of the candidate
               or others.

               (3) Except as prohibited by law, a candidate for judicial office
               in a public election may permit the candidate's name: (a) to
               be listed on election materials along with the names of other
               candidates for elective public office, and (b) to appear in
               promotions of the ticket.

               C. Incumbent Judges.

               A judge shall not engage in any political activity except (i) as
               authorized under any other provision of this Code, (ii) on
               behalf of measures to improve the law, the legal system or the
               administration of justice, or (iii) as expressly authorized by
               law.

               D. Applicability.

               Canon 7 generally applies to all incumbent judges and judicial
               candidates. A successful candidate, whether or not an
               incumbent, is subject to judicial discipline for his or her
               campaign conduct; an unsuccessful candidate who is a
               lawyer is subject to lawyer discipline for his or her campaign
               conduct. A lawyer who is a candidate for judicial office is
               subject to Rule 8.2(b) of the Rules of Professional Conduct.
               Adopted Dec. 2, 1986, eff. Jan. 1, 1987. Amended April 20,
               1987, eff. Aug. 1, 1987; amended eff. Aug. 6, 1993; March
               24, 1994.

               RULE 68 - Declaration of Economic Interests

               A judge shall file annually with the Clerk of the Illinois Supreme
               Court (the Clerk) a verified written statement of economic
               interests and relationships of the judge and members of the
               judge's immediate family (the statement).

               As statements are filed in the Clerk's office, the Clerk shall
               cause the fact of that filing to be indicated on alphabetical
               listing of judges who are required to file such statements.
               Blank statement forms shall be furnished to the Administrative
               Office of the Illinois Courts (the Director).

               Any person who files or has filed a statement under this rule
               shall receive from the Clerk a receipt indicating that the
               person has filed such a statement and the date of such filing.

               All statements filed under this rule shall be available for
               examination by the public during business hours in the Clerk's
               office in Springfield or in the satellite office of the Clerk in
               Chicago. Original copies will be maintained only in
               Springfield, but requests for examination submitted in
               Chicago will be satisfied promptly. Each person requesting
               examination of a statement or portion thereof must first fill out
               a form prepared by the Director specifying the statement
               requested, identifying the examiner by name, occupation,
               address and telephone number, and listing the date of the
               request and the reason for such request. The Director shall
               supply such forms to the Clerk and replenish such forms upon
               request. Copies of statements or portions of statements will
               be supplied to persons ordering them upon payment of such
               reasonable fee per page as is required by the Clerk. Payment
               may be by check or money order in the exact amount due.

               The Clerk shall promptly notify each judge required to file a
               statement under this rule of each instance of an examination
               of the statement by sending the judge a copy of the
               identification form filled out by the person examining the
               statement.

               The contents of the statement required by this rule shall be as
               specified by administrative order of this court. Adopted eff.
               March 15, 1970; Amended April 1, 1986, eff. Aug. 1, 1986.
 
 

                         IN THE SUPREME COURT OF
                           THE STATE OF ILLINOIS
                          ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER

               Order entered April 1, 1986:

               The verified statements of economic interests and
               relationships referred to in our Rule 68, as amended effective
               August 1, 1986, shall be filed by all judges on or before April
               30, 1987, and on or before April 30, annually thereafter. Such
               statements shall also be filed by every person who becomes
               a judge, within 45 days after assuming office. However,
               judges who assume office on or after December 1 and who
               file the statement before the following April 30 shall not be
               required to file the statement due on April 30. The form of
               such statements shall be as provided by the Administrative
               Director of the Illinois Courts, and they shall include all
               information required by Rule 68 and this order, including:
 

                  1. Current economic interests of the judge and
                  members of the judge's immediate family (spouse and
                  minor children residing with the judge) whether in the
                  form of stock, bond, dividend, interest, trust. realty, rent,
                  certificate of deposit, deposit in any financial institution,
                  pension plan, Keogh plan, Individual Retirement
                  Account, equity or creditor interest in any corporation,
                  proprietorship, partnership, instrument of indebtedness
                  or otherwise. Every source of noninvestment income in
                  the form of a fee, commission, compensation,
                  compensation for personal service, royalty, pension,
                  honorarium or otherwise must also be listed. No
                  reimbursement of expenses by any unit of government
                  and no interest to deferred compensation under a plan
                  administered by the State of Illinois need be listed. No
                  amounts or account numbers need be listed in
                  response to this paragraph 1. Current economic
                 interests shall be as of a date within 30 days
                  proceeding the date of filing the statement.

                  2. Former economic interests of the type required to be
                  disclosed in response to numbered paragraph 1 which
                  were held by the judge or any member of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge) during the year preceding the date of
                  verification. Current economic interests listed in
                  response to numbered paragraph 1 need not be listed.
                  No amounts or account numbers need be listed in
                  response to this paragraph 2.

                  3. The names of all creditors to whom amounts in
                  excess of $500 are owed by the judge or members of
                  the judge's immediate family (spouse and minor
                  children residing with the judge) or were owed during
                  the year proceeding the date of verification. For each
                  such obligation there is to be listed the category for the
                  amount owed as of the date of verification and the
                  maximum category for the amount of each such
                  obligation during the year preceding the date of
                  verification of the statement. The categories for
                  reporting the amount of each such obligation are as
                  follows:
 

                      (a) not more than $5,000;

                      (b) greater than $5,000 but not more than
                      $15,000;

                      (c) greater than $15,000 but not more than
                      $50,000;

                      (d) greater than $50,000 but not more than
                      $100,000;

                      (e) greater than $100,000 but not more than
                      $250,000; and

                      (f) greater than $250,000.
 

                  Excluded from this requirement are obligations
                  consisting of revolving charge accounts, with an
                  outstanding liability equal to or less than $5,000.

                  4. The name of any individual personally known by the
                  judge to be licensed to practice law in Illinois who is a
                  co-owner with the judge or members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge) of any of the economic interests
                  disclosed in paragraphs 1 and 2, and the name of any
                  person who has acted as a surety or guarantor of any of
                  the obligations required to be disclosed in paragraph 3.

                  5. A list of every office, directorship and salaried
                  employment of the judge and members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge). Exclude unsalaried positions in
                  religious, social or fraternal organizations, and honorary
                  positions.

                  6. Pending cases in which the judge or members of the
                  judge's immediate family (spouse and minor children
                  residing with the judge) are parties in interest and, to the
                  extent personally known to the judge, pending cases in
                  which a party is an economic entity in which the judge or
                  any member of the judge's immediate family has an
                  interest. Cases in which a judge has been sued in the
                  judge's official capacity shall not be included.

                  7. Any fiduciary position, including executorships and
                  trusteeships of the judge or members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse or minor children residing
                  with the judge).

                  8. The name of the donor and a brief description of any
                  gifts received by the judge or members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge). Gifts of transportation, food, lodging or
                  entertainment having a value in excess of $250 must be
                  reported. All other gifts having a value in excess of $100
                  must be reported. Gifts between the judge and the
                  judge's spouse, children or parents shall not be
                  reported.

                  9. Any other economic interest or relationship of the
                  judge or of members of the judge's immediate family
                  (spouse and minor children residing with the judge)
                  which could create a conflict of interest for the judge in
                  the judge's judicial capacity, other than those listed in
                  numbered paragraphs 1 to 8 hereof.
 

               Prior to the first Monday in March of each year the Director
               shall inform each judge by letter of the requirements of this
               amended rule. The Director shall similarly inform by letter
               each person who becomes a judge of the requirements of the
               rule within 10 days of such person assuming office. The
               Director shall include with such letter instructions concerning
               the required statements, two sets of the statement forms and
               one mailing envelope preaddressed to the Clerk. The letter,
               instructions, and statements shall be in substantially the form
               set forth below:

               (Letterhead of Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts)
                            ________________________, 19___

               TO: MEMBERS OF THE JUDICIARY OF THE STATE OF
               ILLINOIS
               RE: Compliance with Supreme Court Rule 68

               As a member of the judiciary, you are required to file an
               annual statement of economic interests pursuant to Supreme
               Court Rule 68. Enclosed are the necessary forms and
               envelopes to be used in complying with Rule 68 on or before
               ___________________, 19__.

               In this packet are:

               (A) One copy of "Instructions Concerning Required
               Statements for Members of the Judiciary of the State of
               Illinois."

               (B) Two copies of the form entitled "Statement Required of
               Members of the Judiciary of the State of Illinois." [One copy to
               be filed with the Clerk of the Supreme Court, one copy to be
               retained for your records.]

               (C) One 9 x 12 mailing envelope preaddressed to the Clerk of
               the Supreme Court.

               The Supreme Court requests you follow these instructions
               carefully and asks that you be certain to return the original of
               your statement in the mailing envelope furnished herewith
               preaddressed to the Clerk of the Supreme Court.

               FORMS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC ACT 77-1806,
               "ILLINOIS GOVERNMENTAL ETHICS ACT," WILL BE
               MAILED TO YOU UNDER SEPARATE COVER AND MUST
               BE FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE SECRETARY OF
               STATE.

                      Very truly yours,

                      Director
 
 
 
 
 
 

               INSTRUCTIONS CONCERNING REQUIRED STATEMENTS
                            FOR MEMBERS OF
                    THE JUDICIARY OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS

               On or before April 30, 1987, and on or before April 30,
               annually thereafter, every judge of the Supreme Court, the
               Appellate Court and every judge and associate judge of the
               Circuit Court shall file a verified written statement (the
               statement) of economic interests and relationships which may
               create conflicts of interest, with the Clerk of the Illinois
               Supreme Court. Such statements shall be filed by every
               person who becomes a judge or associate judge within 45
               days after assuming office and on or before each April 30
               thereafter. However, judges who assume office on or after
               December 1 and who file the statement before the following
               April 30 shall not be required to file the statement due on April
               30.

               The statements required shall include the following
               information which, except where noted, shall include
               information as of the date of verification of the statement.
 

                  1. Current economic interests of the judge and
                  members of the judge's immediate family (spouse and
                  minor children residing with the judge) whether in the
                  form of stock, bond, dividend, interest, trust, realty, rent,
                  certificate of deposit, deposit in any financial institution,
                  pension plan, Keogh plan, Individual Retirement
                  Account, equity or creditor interest in any corporation,
                  proprietorship, partnership, instrument of indebtedness
                  or otherwise. Every source of noninvestment income in
                  the form of a fee, commission, compensation,
                  compensation for personal service, royalty, pension,
                  honorarium or otherwise must also be listed. No
                  reimbursement of expenses by any unit of government
                  and no interest in deferred compensation under a plan
                  administered by the State of Illinois need be listed. No
                  amounts need be listed in response to this paragraph.
                  Current economic interests shall be as of a date within
                  30 days preceding the date of filing the statement.

                  2. Former economic interests of the type required to be
                  disclosed in response to numbered paragraph 1 which
                  were held by the judge or any member of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge) during the year preceding the date of
                  verification. Current economic interests listed in
                  response to numbered paragraph 1 need not be listed.
                  No amounts need be listed in response to this
                  paragraph 2.

                  3. The names of all creditors to whom amounts in
                  excess of $500 are owed by the judge or members of
                  the judge's immediate family (spouse and minor
                  children residing with the judge) or were owed during
                  the year preceding the date of verification. For each
                  such obligation there is to be listed the category for the
                  amount owed as of the date of verification and the
                  maximum category for the amount of each such
                  obligation during the year preceding the date of
                  verification of the statement. The categories for
                  reporting the amount of each such obligation are as
                  follows:
 

                      (a) not more than $5,000;

                      (b) greater than $5,000 but not more than
                      $15,000;

                      (c) greater than $15,000 but not more than
                      $50,000;

                      (d) greater than $50,000 but not more than
                      $100,000;

                      (e) greater than $100,000 but not more than
                      $250,000; and

                      (f) greater than $250,000.
 

                  Excluded from this requirement are obligations
                  consisting of revolving charge accounts, with an
                  outstanding liability equal to or less than $5,000.

                  4. The name of any individual personally known by the
                  judge to be licensed to practice law in Illinois who is a
                  co-owner with the judge or members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge) of any of the economic interests
                  disclosed in paragraphs 1 and 2, and the name of any
                  person who has acted as a surety or guarantor of any of
                  the obligations required to be disclosed in paragraph 3.

                  5. A list of every office, directorship and salaried
                  employment of the judge and members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge). Exclude unsalaried positions in
                  religious, social or fraternal organizations, and honorary
                  positions.

                  6. Pending cases in which the judge or members of the
                  judge's immediate family (spouse and minor children
                  residing with the judge) are parties in interest, and, to
                  the extent personally known to the judge, pending cases
                  in which a party is an economic entity in which the judge
                  or any member of the judge's immediate family has an
                  interest. Cases in which a judge has been sued in the
                  judge's official capacity shall not be included.

                  7. Any fiduciary position, including executorships and
                  trusteeships of the judge and members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and any minor child residing
                  with the judge).

                  8. The name of the donor and a brief description of any
                  gifts received by the judge or members of the judge's
                  immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
                  with the judge). Gifts of transportation, food, lodging or
                  entertainment having a value in excess of $250 must be
                  reported. All other gifts having a value in excess of $100
                  must be reported. Gifts between the judge and the
                  judge's spouse, children or parents shall not be
                  reported.

                  9. Any other economic interest or relationship of the
                  judge or of members of the judge's immediate family
                  (spouse and minor children residing with the judge)
                  which could create a conflict of interest for the judge in
                  the judge's judicial capacity other than those listed in
                  numbered paragraphs 1 to 8 hereof.
 
 
 
 
 

               The Statements required herein shall be in substantially the
               form titled "STATEMENT REQUIRED OF MEMBERS OF
               THE JUDICIARY OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS," which is
               attached hereto as Exhibit A.

                                (SAMPLE)

               EXHIBIT A
               STATEMENT REQUIRED OF MEMBERS OF THE
               JUDICIARY OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS

               1. My current economic interests and the current economic
               interests of my immediate family (spouse and minor children
               residing with me) are as follows:

               (Here list current economic interests specified in numbered
               paragraph 1 of the instructions setting forth the date (within 30
               days of the date of filing) as of which said interests are being
               reported.)

               2. My former economic interests and the former economic
               interests of my immediate family (spouse and minor children
               residing with me) held during the year preceding the date of
               verification.

               (Here list former economic interests specified in numbered
               paragraph 2 of the instructions.)

               3. Creditors to whom amounts in excess of $500 are owed as
               of the date of verification or were owed during the year
               preceding the date of verification by me or members of my
               immediate family (spouse and minor children residing with
               me), exclusive of revolving charge accounts with an
               outstanding liability equal to or less than $5,000, the amount
               of each such obligation outstanding as of the date of
               verification and the maximum amount of each such obligation
               during such preceding year within the categories set forth in
               paragraph numbered 3 of the instructions.

               (Here list in accordance with numbered paragraph 3 of the
               instructions.)

               4. The name of any individual personally known by me to be
               licensed to practice law in Illinois who is a co-owner with me
               or members of my immediate family (spouse and minor
               children residing with me) of any of the economic interests
               disclosed in paragraphs 1 and 2, and the name of any person
               who has acted as a surety or guarantor of any of the
               obligations required to be disclosed in paragraph 3.

               (Here list in accordance with numbered paragraph 4 of the
               instructions.)

               5. My offices, directorships, and salaried employments and
               the offices, directorships and salaried employments of my
               immediate family (spouse and minor children residing with
               me) are as follows:

               (Here list in accordance with numbered paragraph 5 of the
               instructions.)

               6. Pending cases in which I or members of my immediate
               family (spouse and minor children residing with me) have an
               interest are as follows:

               (Here list pending cases in which you or members of your
               immediate family are parties in interest, or an economic entity
               to which you or they have an interest is a party, in accordance
               with numbered paragraph 6 of the instructions.)

               7. My fiduciary positions, including executorships and
               directorships, and the fiduciary positions of the members of
               my immediate family (my spouse and minor children residing
               with me) are as follows:

               (Here list fiduciary positions in accordance with numbered
               paragraph 7 of the instructions.)

               8. The name of the donor of gifts received by me or members
               of my immediate family (spouse and minor children residing
               with me) during the year preceding the date of verification, are
               as follows:

               (Here list gifts in accordance with numbered paragraph 8 of
               the instructions.)

               9. My economic interests and relationships and those of my
               immediate family (spouse and minor children residing with
               me), other than those listed in numbered paragraphs 1 to 8
               hereof, which could create conflicts of interest for me in my
               judicial capacity are as follows:

               (Here insert any economic interest or relationship which might
               or could create a substantial conflict of interest.)

               VERIFICATION

               Pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 68, I declare that this
               statement of economic interest, including any accompanying
               schedules and statements, as it relates to me and members
               of my immediate family, has been examined by me and to the
               best of my knowledge and belief is true, correct and
               complete.

                      _____________________
                      Judge's Signature

                      _____________________
                      Date

               Order adopted April 1, 1986. Order amended April 20 1987,
               effective August 1, 1987; order amended December 30,
               1993, effective January 1, 1994; order amended December
               1, 1995.

               RULE 69-70 - Reserved.

               RULE 71 - Violation of Rules.

               A judge who violates Rules 61 through 68 may be subject to
               discipline by the Illinois Courts Commission.
               Adopted Jan. 30, 1970, eff. March 15, 1970. Amended eff.
               October 1, 1971; July 15, 1976; amended December 2,
               1986, eff. January 1, 1987.

               RULES 72 to 75 - Reserved.

               RULE 76 - Military Service of Judges.

               A judge or associate judge may serve on active duty in the
               State militia or the armed forces of the United States for a
               period not to exceed 30 days in each year without loss of pay
               or vacation privileges and for a period not to exceed six
               months in any 24-month period without being disqualified
               from serving as a judge or associate judge. Adopted June 25,
               1971, eff. July 1, 1971.

               RULES 77 to 85 - Reserved.


    email: clr@clr.org

Posted April 14, 2001